The National Human Rights Consultation report, Ch 9 deal with the issue of Indigenous rights, and what these are.
The report starts with:
One of the most contentious and frequently discussed topics throughout the Consultation was the rights of Australian’s Indigenous peoples. There was widespread acknowledgment that the experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are ‘generally less favourable’ than those of other Australians. There was less agreement, however, about the types of strategies that are needed to respond to disadvantage and whether the situation justifies the invoking of specific ‘Indigenous-only’ rights. This chapter discusses the merits of the main options for reform, as put forward in the submissions, the community roundtables, the phone survey and the focus groups.